Televisión Pública (Televisión Pública Argentina, abbreviated TVP) is a publicly owned Argentine television network, the national public broadcaster. It began broadcasting in 1951, when LR3 Radio Belgrano Televisión channel 7 in Buenos Aires, its key station and the first television network in the country, signed on the air.
Jaime Yankelevich, businessman and operator of the radio station LR3 "Radio Belgrano", received the approval of the Perón family to import television equipment from the United States. The final approval came from Eva Perón, who, when informed of the importation of the new equipment, said "Yes, yes, everything is very nice but what I want is for them to televise the act of Loyalty Day", all very well, but what I want is that they televise the acts of the Loyalty Day ”).
With the support of the Minister of Communications Oscar Lorenzo Nicolini and the executives of Radio Belgrano, preparations were made to launch the first television station in Argentina. Yankelevich imported Bell equipment, DuMont cameras, and a horizontally polarized antenna initially mounted in the MOP building.
On September 24, 1951, Radio Belgrano announcer Fito Salinas was put behind a camera and backed by a musical group, and the first test transmissions began. In the first days of testing, televisions were installed in department stores within a radius of 500 meters. around the site, and the transmitter put out 500 watts of power, but the signal was boosted and brought to 40 kW of power. At that power level, the reception was clear for 72 kilometers (45 miles) around.
Finally, October 17, 1951, arrived, and again Channel 7 entered for the first time under the name it would carry in a decade: LR3 Radio Belgrano TV. The first transmission was made on Loyalty Day, as Eva Perón wanted, from the Plaza de Mayo; the remote cameras were connected to the studios via a cable link. 2,500 televisions were installed in the country to watch the events.
For the first time in 24 days, Eva Perón got out of her bed to attend, dressed in black. The CGT awarded him the Distinction of Recognition and President Juan Perón the Great Peronist Medal of Extraordinary Class. It took doses of tranquilizers, administered by the Minister of Education so that Eva could deliver a short speech, her final political testament, in which she mentioned her own death nine times.
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