The Corfu Channel case (French: Affaire du Détroit de Corfou) was the first case of public international law before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) between 1947 and 1949 on state liability for damage to the sea and the doctrine of the innocent. passage. A controversial case, it was the first of its kind to be heard by the ICJ since its founding in 1945.
After a series of meetings from May to November 1946 on the Corfu Channel between the United Kingdom and the People's Republic of Albania - one of which resulted in damage to two Royal Navy ships and a significant loss of life - the United Kingdom sued the ICJ seeking damages. Following an initial ruling on jurisdiction in 1948, the ICJ issued separate values and damages in 1949. The Court awarded the United Kingdom 3. 843,947. This amount remained unpaid for decades and British efforts to pay it led to another ICJ case to resolve competing claims by Albanians and Italians on more than two tonnes of Nazi gold. In 1996, Albania and the United Kingdom ruled together with Albania's pending gold claim.
The Corfu Channel has had a lasting influence on the practice of international law, especially the law of the sea. The notion of innocence used by the Court was eventually adopted in a number of important maritime contract laws. The Court's stance on the use of force was significant in subsequent judgments, such as Nicaragua v. The United States. In addition, the case served to set out certain procedural trends followed in subsequent ICJ proceedings.
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